Brain Death


  1. Dhanwate. Brainstem death: A comprehensive review in Indian perspective . Indian J Crit Care Med 2014;18:596-605
  2. Sherrington. International perspectives in the diagnosis of brain death in adults. Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care 2012;2:48e52

Organ Donation

  1. Richards. Organ donation after cardiac death: legal and ethical justifications for antemortem interventions. Med J Aust. 2007 Aug 6;187(3):168-70.


  1. Arbour. Cardiogenic Oscillation and Ventilator Autotriggering in Brain-Dead Patients: A Case Series. Am J Crit Care 2009;18:496-488

Iminent Brain Death

  1. De Groot. Imminent brain death: point of departure for potential heart-beating organ donor recognition. Intensive Care Med 2010;36:1488–1494


  1. Doig. Brain death: resolving inconsistencies in the ethical declaration of death. Can J Anaesth. 2003 Aug-Sep;50(7):725-31.
  2. Shewmon. The Brain and Somatic Integration: Insights Into the Standard Biological Rationale for Equating “Brain Death” With Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2001, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 457±478

Influence of Organ Donation

  1. Pabisiak. Brain death criteria formulated for transplantation purposes: fact or myth? Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy 2016;48(1):1–XXX
  2. Machado. The concept of brain death did not evolve to benefit organ transplants. Med Ethics 2007;33:197–200