Newsletter 197 | September 20th 2015
Welcome to the 197th Critical Care Reviews Newsletter, bringing you the best critical care research published in the past week, plus a wide range of free full text review articles, guidelines, commentaries, editorials, study critiques, correspondence and case reports from hundreds of clinical and scientific journals.
The highlights of this week's newsletter are randomized controlled trials investigating skin antisepsis for central venous catheter placement, communication facilitators to reduce family distress and intensity of end-of-life care, and daily laxative therapy. There are a number of great review articles, including papers on therapeutic hypothermia in traumatic brain injury, the ‘optimal dose' of hemodiafiltration?, and enhanced recovery after gastrointestinal surgery.
Based on a series of papers from the Journal of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, highlighted in last week's newsletter, this week's Topic of the Week is brain monitoring, starting with a paper on EEG-based monitors in tomorrow's Paper of the Day.
- Abstract: Mimoz. Skin antisepsis with chlorhexidine–alcohol versus povidone iodine–alcohol, with and without skin scrubbing, for prevention of intravascular-catheter-related infection (CLEAN): an open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled, two-by-two factorial trial (CLEAN trial). Lancet 2015;epublished September 17th
- Abstract: Curtis. Randomized Trial of Communication Facilitators to Reduce Family Distress and Intensity of End-of-life Care. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2015;epublished September 17th
- Full Text: de Azevedo. Daily laxative therapy reduces organ dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients: a phase II randomized controlled trial. Critical Care 2015;19:329
- Full Text: Kaila. A randomized controlled proof-of-concept trial of early sedation management using Responsiveness Index monitoring in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Critical Care 2015;19:333
- Abstract: Lee. Comparison of Needle Insertion and Guidewire Placement Techniques During Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization: The Thin-Wall Introducer Needle Technique Versus the Cannula-Over-Needle Technique. Critical Care Med 2015;43(10):2112–2116
- Abstract: Fominskiy. Liberal transfusion strategy improves survival in perioperative but not in critically ill patients. A meta-analysis of randomised trials. Br J Anaesth 2015;115(4):511-519
- Full Text: Duan. Efficacy of limited fluid resuscitation in patients with hemorrhagic shock: a meta-analysis. Int J Clin Exp Med 2015;8(7):11645-11656
- Abstract: Neto. Lung-Protective Ventilation With Low Tidal Volumes and the Occurrence of Pulmonary Complications in Patients Without Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Individual Patient Data Analysis. Crit Care Med 2015;43(10):2155-2163
- Full Text: Narvestad. Emergency resuscitative thoracotomy performed in European civilian trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injuries: a systematic review. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2015;epublished August 18th
- Full Text: Fruchtenicht. Nutritional risk assessment in critically ill cancer patients: systematic review. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva 2015;epublished August 11th
- Full Text: Lim. Effect of Tracheostomy on Weaning Parameters in Difficult-to-Wean Mechanically Ventilated Patients: A Prospective Observational Study. PLoS One 2015;;10(9):e0138294
- Full Text: Weiss. Discordant identification of pediatric severe sepsis by research and clinical definitions in the SPROUT international point prevalence study. Critical Care 2015;19:325
- Abstract: Chen. Delayed Emergency Team Calls and Associated Hospital Mortality: A Multicenter Study. Critical Care Med 2015;43(10):2059-2065
- Abstract: Fawzy. Practice Patterns and Outcomes Associated With Choice of Initial Vasopressor Therapy for Septic Shock. Crit Care Med 2015;43(10):2141-2146
- Abstract: Burry. Recall of ICU Stay in Patients Managed With a Sedation Protocol or a Sedation Protocol With Daily Interruption. Crit Care Med 2015;43(10):2180-2190
- Abstract: Bembea. Plasma Biomarkers of Brain Injury as Diagnostic Tools and Outcome Predictors After Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Crit Care Med 2015;43(10):2202-2211
- Full Text: Harrold. Early mobilisation in intensive care units in Australia and Scotland: a prospective, observational cohort study examining mobilisation practises and barriers. Critical Care 2015;19:336
- Full Text: Shaw. Impact of intravenous fluid composition on outcomes in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Critical Care 2015;19:334
- Ullman. Dressings and securement devices for central venous catheters (CVC). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD010367
- Lavonas. Hemodialysis for lithium poisoning. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD007951
- Brouwer MC, McIntyre P, Prasad K, van de Beek D. Corticosteroids for acute bacterial meningitis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD004405
- Toon. Early versus delayed dressing removal after primary closure of clean and clean-contaminated surgical wounds. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD010259
- Stengel. Emergency ultrasound-based algorithms for diagnosing blunt abdominal trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD004446
- Lewis. Ultrasound guidance for upper and lower limb blocks. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD006459
- Kim. Therapeutic Hypothermia in Traumatic Brain injury; Review of History, Pathophysiology and Current Studies. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):143-150
- Lattanzi. Neurothrombectomy in the Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis 2015;40:198-199
- Nair-Collins. Clinical and ethical perspectives on brain death. Medicolegal and Bioethics 2015;2015(5):69—80
- Scott. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for gastrointestinal surgery, part 1: pathophysiological considerations. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2015;epublished September 8th
- Hingula. Perioperative Pain Control In Gastrointestinal Surgery. M.E.J. Anesth 2015;23(2)
- Maduell. Is There an ‘Optimal Dose' of Hemodiafiltration? Blood Purif 2015;40(suppl 1):17-23
- Locatelli. Current Evidence in Haemodiafiltration. Blood Purif 2015;40(suppl 1):24-29
- Ronco. Hemodiafiltration: Technical and Clinical Issues. Blood Purif 2015;40(suppl 1):2-11
- Akizawa. Clinical Expectation of Online Hemodiafiltration: A Japanese Perspective. Blood Purif 2015;40(suppl 1):12-16
- Bajwa. Carcinoid tumors: Challenges and considerations during anesthetic management. J Sci Soc 2015;42:132-7
- Cunha. Fever of Unknown Origin: A Clinical Approach. The American Journal of Medicine 2015;128:1138.e1-1138.e15
- Biron. Biomarkers for Sepsis: What Is and What Might Be? Biomarker Insights 2015:Suppl 4:7-17
- Cao. Overview of antimicrobial options for Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia: Focus on macrolide resistance. The Clinical Respiratory Journal 2015;epublished September 16th
- Bedreag. Oxidative stress in severe pulmonary trauma in critical ill patients. Antioxidant therapy in patients with multiple trauma — a review. Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy 2015;epublished June 3rd
- Petrikovics. Past, present and future of cyanide antagonism research: From the early remedies to the current therapies. World J Methodol 2015;5(2):88-100
- Tobias. Etomidate in pediatric anesthesiology: Where are we now? . Saudi J Anaesth 2015;9:451-6
- Rotta. Progress and perspectives in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva 2015;epublished August 28th
- Kim. Blood Transfusion Strategies in Patients Supported by Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):139-142
- Dong. Ketamine: a growing global health-care need. Br J Anaesth 2015;115(4):491-493
- Alyeshmerni. There and back again: The story of perioperative β-blockade. American Heart Journal 2015;170(4):617–618
- Lorente. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: does histology matter? Critical Care 2015;19:337
- Latronico. A guided approach to diagnose severe muscle weakness in the intensive care unit. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva 2015;epublished August 11th
- Granja. PIRO and sepsis stratification: reality or a mirage? Rev Bras Ter Intensiva 2015;epublished August 11th
- Ghayumi. Tension hydropneumopericardium after routine intubation. Lancet 2015;386(9999):e13
- Kim. Nasogastric Tube Syndrome: Why Is It Important in the Intensive Care Unit? Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(3):231-233
- Park. Unexpected Multiple Organ Infarctions in a Poisoned Patient. Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(3):227-230
- Park. Management of Cyanide Intoxication with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):218-221
- Chang. Lung Transplantation in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Influenza Pneumonia. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):196-201
- Kim. Fixed Pupillary Light Reflex due to Peripheral Neuropathy after Liver Transplantation. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):191-195
- Lee. Refractory Septic Shock Treated with Nephrectomy under the Support of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Korean J Crit Care Med 2015;30(3):176-179
Due to hugely successful previous events, the Critical Care Reviews Meeting 2016 has been moved to a brand new venue, the stunning, multi-million pound Titanic Centre, birthplace of RMS Titanic, As before, the meeting theme is to review the biggest studies of the previous year, with chief investigators present where possible to discuss their work in person. From Wellington, New Zealand, Dr Paul Young will talk on his studies SPLIT (saline versus plasmalyte) and HEAT (paracetamol for pyrexia control). Dr John Holcomb (Houston, USA) will review his mega trial PROPPR, evaluating blood product transfusion ratios in traumatic haemorrhage. Prof Tim Walsh (Edinburgh, Scotland) will review the ABLE study, including his ABLE UK component, evaluating age of transfused red cells, as well as RECOVER, a post-ICU rehab study. Similarly, Prof Danny McAuley (Belfast, Northern Ireland) will also review a post-ICU rehab study, the REVIVE trial. In addition, two of the most eminent intensivists in global critical care, Prof Jean-Louis Vincent (Brussels, Belgium) and Prof Luciano Gattinoni (Milan, Italy) will be on hand to discuss the significance of these findings. It won't be all study discussion, with other elements to the meeting, including the spectacularly popular "Informal Chat", taking place that evening.
If you haven't yet attended this modern, niche meeting, then put the date Friday January 29th in your diary. Both delegate and speaker feedback from previous meetings has been incredibly positive, allowing the event to grow and attract some of the biggest names in critical care. The Titanic Centre is just minutes from Belfast City Airport, with a hotel within 3 minutes walking distance, and is a 20 minute walk from the city centre, including the Cathedral Quarter, Belfast's cultural centre full of great restaurants and pubs. Further details regarding delegate rate accommodation should be available in the next week or two. Talks are given in the setting of the rebuilt famous staircase from the great ship, while both the "Informal Chat" session and dinner overlook the floodlit slipways where Titanic and Olympic were launched. With some exciting new innovations planned, this new meeting promises to delivery on its burgeoning reputation. The finalised programme won't be released until later this Autumn, but don't wait too long before registering, as numbers are capped to keep this an intimate event. It is as strong a one day programme as you could possibly find. If you think your colleagues would find this event interesting, please circulate this information - this is a not-for-profit event, run in association with the Northern Ireland Intensive Care Society.
Under the inspired guidance of meeting organiser Ganesh Suntharalingam, this year's State-of-the-Art Meeting promises an exciting programme in a new dynamic format. It aims to be the first major national society to fully embrace social media and free open access medical education, with an opening plenary session and a workshop, as well full integration of Twitter questions into sessions, live blogging, and open-access AV materials.
The 4th SMACC Conference comes to Dublin next June. It's on in the spectatcular Dublin Convention Centre, on June 13th to 16th. Registration hasn't opened yet, but I'll keep you informed when it's due to open. Early registration is advised, as the event could book out within 24 hours.
Critical Care Horizons is a fresh new voice in the critical care literature, offering thought-provoking, cutting-edge commentary and opinion papers, plus state-of-the-art review articles. The journal is free to publish with and free to read, opening authorship opportunity to all. The energetic editorial board consists of a deliberate mix of clinicians active in social media and world renowned academics, all driven by a desire to improve the care we offer our patients, and operate without financial gain or incentive. If you have an idea for a paper, and can say it in an engaging manner, please get in touch. We also need peer reviewers.
COI - I am the editor-in-chief of this new journal, but work in a voluntary capacity, as do all the editors.
I hope you find these links useful.
Until next week